Difference Between Struct & Column

Struts and columns are structural members that are used as building elements. Columns are vertical members designed to carry axial or longitudinal loads. While struts are horizontal or inclined or vertical members designed to take axial or longitudinal loads.


These are compression members used in building construction. The basic differences between struts and columns are enlisted in the article.

Difference Between Columns and Struts in Construction


Columns

Struts

Vertical member to carry axial/longitudinal loads

Horizontal/inclined/vertical member designed to take axial or longitudinal loads.

Columns are supported by fixed supports or hinged at both ends. They are used in concrete or steel structures.

Struts are supported by hinged or pinned joints at both ends. They are used in truss construction.

Columns undergo failure due to buckling.

Strut undergoes failure due to crushing.

Columns have a higher slenderness ratio.

Struts have a lesser slenderness ratio compared to columns.

 The load-carrying capacity of columns and struts is dependent on the length of the member, the cross-sectional area of the member, and the type of support.


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