# Earthquake and Wind Action on Buildings - Load Deformation Graphs

The action of Wind and Earthquake will result in dynamic action on buildings. However, the building designs for wind and earthquake forces are different in nature.

In this article, we will discuss in brief the basic concept of wind and earthquake design of structures.Â  Â

## Basic Concept in Wind Design of Structures

Mainly in the design based on a followed philosophy,Â forceÂ is considered as the basis for of structural design. This is more applied in theÂ Wind design.Â

 Fig.1. The Building Under Wind Force (Fw). It is maximum at the top story. Maximum displacement (Î”)is caused at the top of the building.

Here, the idea is that the building surface is subjected to a force or pressureÂ  (i.e. the wind force). This type is called as the force-type loading. The action is explained in the figure-1.

 Fig.2. Nature of Wind Action - Non-zero mean- Oscillatory

## Basic Concept in Earthquake Design of Structures

During an earthquake, the building is subjected to a random motion in the ground at the base of the structure. This will result in the formation of inertia forces in the building. This later gets converted into stress. This type of loading is calledÂ displacement -type loading.

 Fig.3. Earthquake Ground Motion at the base of the structure

## Load - Deformation Graph

The load-deformation graph of the building will properly help in differing both the type of loadings.Â
• In the case of force-type loading thatÂ is imposed by wind pressure, the demand for the building will be the forceÂ ( Along the vertical axis).
• The demand on the building will be displacement ( Along the horizontal Axis) when it is displacement-type loading that is imposed due to earthquake shaking.
Read More On: Earthquake Engineering